Types of Crafts

Types of Crafts
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While many people think of crafts like knitting or scrapbooking, there are more than 100 different types of crafts that fall into ten core categories.  Below you’ll find descriptions of each of those ten with links to learn more about each specific type of craft.  You’re sure to find your favorites, but also learn about types of crafts that you’ve never heard of!

CERAMICS AND GLASS CRAFTS

Ceramic works are often mixed with glass for both practicality and design. The glass can help in practical ways like forming a glass bottom to a ceramic piece for sturdiness. When decorating a ceramic with glass, one will discover a unique effect after the object is glazed. This results in light bouncing off of the glass. Stained glass is the most common glasswork that is combined with ceramic, as the multitude of colors enhances the beauty of the ceramic. This is a really cool way for one to give a ceramic the appearance of precious stones being incorporated. One may think that a glass kiln is needed to achieve this type of design but that’s not true. Ceramic kilns are perfectly fine to use when making ceramics that incorporates glassworks. The main concern, is the ceramic kiln having enough space for the craft as glass tends to expand when heated.

 

FIBER AND TEXTILE CRAFTS

Fiber and textile crafts involve the creation of an item by using fabric or textile. This is an ancient craft that was once solely done by hand but it is now usually done in mass-production factories. Fiber and textile crafts include an array of crafting processes like paper making, basketry, needlework, leatherworking, weaving and more. Sometimes the fiber or textile has to be prepared beforehand by different methods like spinning, bleaching, and finishing. The treated product of fiber or textile is often combined with other processes to gain the desired look like screenprinting the item or painting it. Sometimes the material is treated with additional chemicals with the goal of creating a longer lasting product. This art has sustained it’s popularity as clothing is a necessity for all and has become an important asset when one is expressing themselves. These days, we hold grand events to celebrate our textile designs like New York Fashion Week.

 

FLOWER CRAFTS

Flower crafting includes a variety of artworks that incorporate flowers. This art form includes a huge variety of crafting processes like bouquet making, pressed flower crafting, the technique of ikebana, and more. The art form of flower crafting dates back to ancient Egypt. Flowers held a very spiritual importance during those times, as it was a symbol for rebirth for ancient Egyptians. Ancient Egyptians were known to create paper crafts by smashing papyrus, which is a material made out of the pithy stem of a water plant. The beautiful art of flower crafting is still popular during modern times, as we still value the fragrance, importance and beauty of flowers. We tend to use these creations during the most sacred events that we hold like weddings, funerals, and celebrations. The oldest known book for flower-crafting is a book that was found in Japan about flower arranging that dates back to 1445.

 

LEATHERWORKING

Leatherworking (which is also known as leather crafting) is an ancient process of forming an item made out of leather. Leather is a material that derives from the skin of an animal. During ancient times, when hunting for animals, the hunters became interested in using the leftover parts of the animal for clothing. The skin would unfortunately stiffen and rot over time. This is exactly how the technique of crafting leather was birthed. The most common animal skin type used as most know is cow skin. The skin is cleansed and all hairs are removed from the material. It is then involved in a tanning process. This process is actually what helps to preserve the material. Leatherworking includes art forms like leather carving, stamping, boiling, painting, and dyeing. Most leather material we come across is black but the material has the capability to be pigmented any color of choice.

 

MIXED MEDIA CRAFTS

Mixed media involves the act of incorporating a variety of media to form a work of art. The two most common types of mixed media are assemblages and collages. There’s a variety of different materials that can be included in a mixed media design. Materials that are most often incorporated are paper, cloth, plastic items, and wood. There are many awesome effects that can be achieved with mixed media, but the most common is three-dimensional effect where the media seems to be popping out at you. When a painter is creating a mixed media artwork, it is important to allow each design to dry to prevent the mixture of paint between combined designs. In modern times, we have digital mixed media where we create graphic designs with computer software. It is common to come across a digital, mixed media collage when roaming social networks as apps have made it even easier to create these designs.

 

NEEDLEWORK

Needlework is a type of art form where a needle is used to construct an item. Since any craft that involves a needle is considered to be needlework, there’s a huge variety in regards to the types of needlework that can be done. Some of the most popular types of needlework include knitting, crocheting, quilting, tatting, and so much more! Needleworking is a very ancient art form. There is a Peruvian cross-stitch sampler in existence that dates back to 200-500 AD. It is believed that the first textile used to create a needlework design was most likely made out of stems and grasses. This is hypothesized because the technique of twisting short fibers did not evolve until around 10,000 BC. There are textile examples that have been discovered in tombs and sacred places of China, Egypt, and South America that included half cross stitches and satin stitches into the design.

 

PAPER CRAFTS

Paper crafts are designs formed by using paper. The word “paper” comes from the term “papyrus,” which is the material used by Egyptians for paperworks. This creation dates back to the third millennium B.C. There are many types of paper craft works and techniques like origami, paper marbling, decoupage, embossing, scrapbooking, quilling and more. The art of papermaking is a very ancient craft that is known to have been invented in China during 105 A.D. This initiated the possibilities of creating works made out of paper. Paper is actually the most common materials used for artistic expression as it is easy to maneuver, easy to find, and inexpensive. Most of us remember when we were children how paper was our “go-to” when wanting to be creative. We cut snowflakes out of the paper, colored it, glued it and more. The capabilities are almost endless when paper crafting as the types of paper available and techniques for crafting have evolved tremendously over time.

 

WOOD AND FURNITURE CRAFTS

Works created out of wood (like furniture) are considered to be wood crafts. Wood is actually one of the oldest materials known to be used by man to create works. This is proven by ancient stones tools that were discovered. A microwear analysis was performed on the tools and were dated back to the era of the Neanderthals. The stone tools were used for woodworking. The most common types of wood crafts include furniture making, wood burning, cabinet making, wood carving and carpentry. There is much expertise required when creating wood works as there is a large variety of trees available for woodworks and each tree has its’ own set of unique properties that results in different textures. Woodworking is an art form that is doubtful to expire as we use wood works for so many everyday, practical uses.

 

STONE CRAFTS

The works that are made out of stone are called stone crafts. The profession of stone crafting is called stonemasonry. There are many objects that are made out stone like monuments, buildings, bridges and so much more. Some of the most famous buildings that are constructed from stone include beauties like the Taj Mahal, Easter Island, and perhaps one of the most mysterious wonders of the world – the Egyptian Pyramids. There are hardly and limits in regards to the types of stone used by stone crafters for construction like sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous. Stonemasons are usually taught their craft through apprenticeship. In medieval times, the stonemasons trained for seven years. The most common tools used to shape the stones include chisels and metal straight edges. A mallet is also used to break pieces off easily. The mason’s mallet has a long head and is often called a “punch hammer.” These days, we have power-tools that make the process much easier when stone crafting.

 

METAL CRAFTS

Metal crafts are objects that are constructed out of the metals that derive from the ores of the earth. Out of the 118 elements on the periodic table, 90 of these elements are metals. That’s a great variety to choose from when once is interested in creating metal works. Some of the most common metals used to construct objects include silver, gold, bronze, steel, iron and lead. These crafts are also called metal art. The most popular types of metal crafting include goldsmithing, blacksmithing, locksmithing, casting and enamelling. Metal crafting is a very ancient technique. We have evidence going back to 8,700 BCE of metal works being made. Metal crafts still remain a high priority in our society today as we recognize the preciousness and usefulness of metal. We drive in metal, we live in metal, we walk on metal, we wear it – the list goes on. Not to mention, when you mix in precious stones with metal it results in beautiful ornamentation for one to adorn themselves. The adorning of oneself remains an important value of many cultures.

 

Additional reading:

https://www.bhg.com/crafts/

https://www.countryliving.com/diy-crafts/

https://www.hgtv.com/design/topics/crafts

https://www.marthastewart.com/1502461/diy-projects-crafts

https://www.hobbylobby.com/DIY-Projects-Videos/Crafts/c/13-231

https://makezine.com/category/craft/

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